Evidence, Commentary, and Judgment

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2.3.7 Geneva Conventions 1949

The next developments were the Geneva Conventions of 1949, which provide protections for certain groups of people such as: wounded or sick civilians, chaplains, medical personnel, wounded or sick armed forces at sea and on land, prisoners of war and civilians.

It also specified areas of protection, such as churches and medical facilities.

This was the first time civilians as a group were given specific protection: i.e. those who find themselves in case of conflict or occupation in the hands of a party to the conflict or occupying power of which they are not nationals.

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